© Stocksak. FILEPHOTO: Smoke billows out of the cooling towers in Ahmedabad’s coal-fired power plants, India, October 13, 2021. REUTERS/Amit Dave/File Photo
LONDON, Stocksak – The United Nations released Wednesday a report that showed that global greenhouse gas emissions will increase by 10.6% if countries comply with their current climate commitments.
According to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a 43% reduction of emissions is required by 2030 to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above preindustrial temperatures.
Experts said that more action was needed as world leaders were expected to gather in Sharm el-Sheikh (Egypt) for the COP27 summit on climate change starting Nov. 6.
“All countries agreed at the UN Climate Change Conference last year in Glasgow to revisit and strengthen climate plans,” Simon Stiell (executive secretary of UN Climate Change) said in a statement. “It is disappointing to see that only 24 updated or new climate plans have been submitted after COP26.
These include Vanuatu (Bolivia), Uganda, and the large emitter countries of India and Indonesia. The latter, which has the highest levels of emissions from deforestation, peatland clearing, is now claiming it will reduce its emissions by at least 31.89% by 2030.
Globally, insufficient pledges are putting the world on the path to a temperature increase of 2.5C by 2100.
A 10.6% increase in emissions is still a small improvement. UN’s last year assessment found that countries were on track to increase their emissions by 13.7% in 2030.